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How Long Does It Take to Charge an Electric Vehicle?

  • Cars Explained
  • Celine Jerly
  • 5 minutes

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It’s not the same as filling up the gas tank when you recharge an electric vehicle. That said, refueling takes barely any time to get you back on the road, whereas charging an electric vehicle battery does take a while. Depending on how far you usually drive, that might be a problem. There are always a lot of questions about how long it takes to charge your electric car. This article discusses charging your EV.¬† ¬†

With a 7kW charging station, it takes an average electric car (60kWh battery) just under 8 hours to go from empty to full. Instead of letting their batteries recharge from empty to full, most drivers choose to top it off. With a 50kW rapid charger, you can extend the range of many electric vehicles by up to 100 miles in around 35 minutes. Of course, it takes longer to charge your automobile from empty to complete; the larger the battery, the slower the charging point. 

How long does it take to charge an electric car?  

Electric vehicle charging depends on various factors, including the weather, capacity of the charger, and battery. The quickest way to charge an electric vehicle is using a rapid charger, which can give it a range of 60 to 200 miles in 20 to 30 minutes. 3.7kW or 7kW is the average power rating for home charging outlets (22kW charge points require three-phase power, which is very rare and expensive to install). All electric vehicles can charge at a maximum charge rate that they can accept at compatible charge points with a greater maximum charge rate than they can handle.   

What to know about rapid charging

Rapid charging appears simple and practical, but there is a catch to that speed. Even the fastest charging time can drop dramatically when the battery is less than 20 percent charged or more than 80 percent charged. By doing this, the battery is prevented from overcharging and is kept in top shape. Many manufacturers gauge charging times by how long DCFCs can get your battery charge to 80%. Rapid charging is also becoming more accessible due to programs like the EV Charging Network, a partnership of six enormous electric utility companies that intend to construct DCFCs throughout 17 states. In addition, Volkswagen is considering “filling up” batteries using mobile charging robots rather than spending money on new charging infrastructure.¬†

What is top-up charging? 

The battery operates most effectively between 20 and 80 percent of its capacity. However, many manufacturers advise against topping off batteries in hot weather because both the act of charging and extreme heat can have a negative impact on your electric car’s internal resistance and thermal management systems. Over time, that could harm how smoothly your vehicle runs.¬†

How long does it take to fully charge an electric vehicle? 

An electric vehicle’s charging time varies depending on the car’s make and model and the power source it is connected to. Here is a list of vehicles and their charging time.¬† ¬†

Model   Time  
Chevrolet Bolt EV  7 hours 
Nissan Leaf  8 hours 
Tesla Model S (Long Range)  Up to 12 hours using Tesla Wall Connector 
Tesla Model 3 (Long Range)  Up to 8 hours using Tesla Wall Connector 
Porsche Taycan  8 hours 
Mini SE Hardtop  Up to 5 hours 
Audi E-Tron  10.5 hours 
Polestar 2  8 hours 
BMW i4  under 10 hours 

 How much range will you get per hour of charging? 

Knowing how many miles of range you are getting while your vehicle is charging is helpful for electric vehicle drivers so they can be sure they can reach their next location. The range your automobile can travel in an hour depends on its efficiency. The most effective small full battery electric vehicles, like the Renault Zoe, can travel 30 miles on a single charge while using 7kW of power. The largest fully electric cars (like the Audi e-Tron Quattro) are heavier and range about 20 miles per hour at 7 kW. (Plug-in hybrids often perform less efficiently than fully electric cars.) External conditions like temperature have an impact on how efficient an automobile is as well. As a result, electric vehicles have a slightly higher range per hour in the summer than in the winter. 

What other factors affect the charging speed? 

The time it takes to charge an electric car is primarily dependent on five things.   

Battery size:   

The larger the battery capacity (measured in kWh) of your car, the longer it will take to charge  

Battery level (empty vs. full):   

It will take longer to charge your battery if you start from scratch than if you fill up your battery from 50%.  

The maximum rate of vehicle charging:   

A vehicle’s battery can only be charged at the highest charging rate that it will tolerate. So, for instance, if your vehicle’s maximum charge rate is 7 kW, utilizing a 22 kW Charge Point won’t result in a faster charge. ¬†

Max charging rate of charge point:  

The maximum charging rate of the ChargePoint you are using will also limit how long it takes to charge. For instance, even though your vehicle has a charging capacity of 11 kW, a 7 kW ChargePoint will only let it charge at 7 kW.  

Environmental factors:  

It could take a little longer to charge in a cooler environment, especially when using a quick charger. However, colder temperatures also mean vehicles are less efficient, so fewer miles are added per time. 

Manufacturers will undoubtedly decide on a single metric for measuring charge times. But for now, be aware that no matter how or where you do it, charging an electric vehicle’s battery still takes a lot longer than filling up a gasoline-powered vehicle.¬†

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