Electric cars are the future. They are sleek, efficient, and are environmentally friendly. That’s why more car owners are switching to EVs. However, to maintain them better, one needs to know how electric vehicles work and what kind of batteries they use before buying them. We’re breaking down all you need to know about batteries for electric cars in this post. Keep reading to know more.
Types of batteries for electric cars
Here are the different kinds of batteries used in electric vehicles (EV), hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs):
Lithium-ion batteries were first used in laptops, cell phones, and other electronics. Due to their high energy density and long life cycle, lithium-ion batteries are used in electric vehicles.
The high-temperature performance, power-to-weight ratio, energy efficiency, and low self-discharge make them the best choice for EV vehicles. Today, most electric vehicles and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles use lithium-ion batteries.
Nickel-metal hydride batteries
These batteries are used in computer and medical equipment because of their specific energy and specific power capabilities. Nickel-metal hydride batteries have a longer life cycle when compared to lead-acid batteries and are much safer.
That’s why nickel-metal hydride batteries are preferred in hybrid electric vehicles. However, nickel-metal hydride batteries are high in cost, discharge fast, and generate high temperatures.
Lead-acid batteries are the cheapest and the oldest vehicle batteries out there. These batteries are usually safe, trustworthy, and inexpensive. However, their downsides are low specific energy and poor cold-temperature performance.
In ultracapacitors, energy is stored in a polarized liquid between the electrode and electrolyte. What’s more, ultracapacitors, during acceleration, provide vehicles with additional power. They also work as secondary energy-storage devices in electric vehicles.
Batteries for electric cars – Frequently asked questions
How long does an electric car battery last?
The battery in an electric car can last anywhere between 5 – 10 years—manufacturers like Nissan and Tesla warrant that their electric vehicle batteries will last eight years of 100,000 miles.
How long does an electric car battery last for a single charge?
After a single charge, electric vehicles can travel about 200 to 250 miles. On the other hand, electric vehicles such as Tesla can go up to 250 miles after a charge.
Should I charge my electric car every night?
No, you should not charge your electric vehicle every night. In fact, you can harm the battery and shorten its life span if you charge it every night.
What happens if you run out of charge in an electric car?
The answer is obvious it will STOP. You can seek the help of roadside assistance to take your vehicle to the nearest charging station.
How long does it take for an electric car to charge?
There’s no set time limit, and it can take anywhere between 30 minutes to 12 hours to fully charge your vehicle.
Can I jump-start an electric car?
Yes, you can jump-start an electric car. You use the same methods for a fuel-powered car, and you can jump-start an electric car.
Do you own an electric car? Want to know if electric cars can go through car washes? Don’t worry – you can wash them at a touchless car wash near you. Start using the Way.com website or app (available on iOS and Android) to find the best touchless car washes in your area.
Here’s more info on top-rated airport parking, the best parking spots in your city, the most affordable insurance for your car, and top-rated car washes near you.